Community - groups of people affiliated by geographic proximity, special interest, or similar situations to address issues affecting community health and well-being (e.g., community residents, identity, affiliation or interest, circumstances, profession or practice, non-profit organizations, faith-based organizations, and family).
Community-based research takes place outside the walls of the researcher's clinical or academic home.
Community-engaged research (CEnR) "begins with a research topic of importance to the community, has the aim of combining knowledge with action and achieving social change to improve health outcomes and eliminate health disparites." *
Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a "collaborative approach to research that equitably involves all partners in the research process and recognizes the unique strengths that each brings." *
*WK Kellogg Community Health Scholars Program