Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
You are required to search at least TWO relevant databases.
These are databases that Duke has a paid subscription for faculty, staff, and students to use. All of these databases will have 'Get it at Duke' links to make obtaining access to articles you find when searching them easy.
PubMed (MEDLINE) - period covered 1946-present
Effecive May 18, 2020, PubMed will switch to its newly designed search interface. Interested in learning more? Sign up today for one of our online Webinars
Access to citations in MEDLINE with links to participating online journals.
Scopus - period covered 1970-present
Abstract and citation database which includes peer-reviewed titles from international publishers, Open Access journals, conference proceedings, trade publications, and quality Web sources.
Web of Science - period covered 1900-present
Provides bibliographic data, full-length author abstracts, and cited references for peer-reviewed journals.
Covers professional and academic literature in psychology and related disciplines including medicine, psychiatry, nursing, sociology, education, pharmacology, physiology, linguistics, and other areas. Includes references and abstracts to journals, dissertations, book chapters and books.
Life sciences and biomedical research from journals, meetings, patents, and books.
Provides coverage of the applied life sciences, including agriculture, veterinary sciences, and food science and nutrition. Includes books, journal articles, conference papers, and reports.
Biomedical and pharmaceutical database covering drug effects, therapies, and evidence based information to help in delivering systematic reviews of the literature. Includes titles not covered by Medline.
Covers all aspects of modern animal research, including behavior, biodiversity, ecology, evolution, genetics, parasitology, physiology, reproduction, and more.
In 2014, AWIC trainers visited Duke and held several training sessions on Meeting the Information Requirements of the Animal Welfare Act.
Slides from the training are available here. A set of additional slides are available here.
Freely Available Databases
These databases are freely available and most are specifically designed for searching for animal alternatives.
Publications and resources for all aspects of agriculture and allied disciplines.
NIH website with resources for alternatives to the use of live vertebrates in biomedical research and testing from the NLM. Note: searches PubMed/Medline.
Altweb (Alternatives to Animal Testing Web Site) serves as a gateway to alternatives news, information, and resources on the Internet and beyond.
AWIC (Animal Welfare Information Center)
US National Agricultural Library produces bibliographies, briefs, and Fact Sheets on alternatives, humane care, euthanasia, toxicity testing and legislation.
NCI Oncology Models Forum
Fills an important need for the diverse cancer research communities who use various mammalian models.
NORINA (A Norwegian Inventory of Alternatives) is an English-language database with information on approximately 3700 audiovisual aids and other alternatives that can be used instead of animals in teaching and training.
A database for primatology spanning 1940-2010.
The Zebrafish Model Organism Database
An on-line database of information for zebrafish researchers.
NLM/NIH Toxicology Resources
A collection of information produced by the National Library of Medicine, covering toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, drug safety, and more.