CDHD: Structural Competency, Cultural Competency, & Health

Studies referenced in class slides

Studies referenced in class slides (in the order they appeared):

  1. Puhl, R., & Latner, J. (2008). Weight bias: new science on an significant social problem. Obesity, 16(S2), S1. Retrieved from
  2. Sequist, T. D. (2009). Addressing racial disparities in health care: A targeted action plan for academic medical centers. Association of American Medical Colleges.
  3. Beach, M. C., Saha, S., & Cooper, L. A. (2006). The role and relationship of cultural competence and patient-centeredness in health care quality (Vol. 36). New York, NY: Commonwealth Fund.
  4. Kumagai, A. K., & Lypson, M. L. (2009). Beyond cultural competence: critical consciousness, social justice, and multicultural education. Academic medicine, 84(6), 782-787. Retrieved from
  5. Hoffman, K. M., Trawalter, S., Axt, J. R., & Oliver, M. N. (2016). Racial bias in pain assessment and treatment recommendations, and false beliefs about biological differences between blacks and whites. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 113(16), 4296-4301.Retrieved from
  6. Lurie, N., Fremont, A., Jain, A. K., Taylor, S. L., McLaughlin, R., Peterson, E., ... & Ferguson Jr, T. B. (2005). Racial and ethnic disparities in care: the perspectives of cardiologists. Circulation, 111(10), 1264-1269. Retrieved from
  7. Pronin, E., & Kugler, M. B. (2007). Valuing thoughts, ignoring behavior: The introspection illusion as a source of the bias blind spot. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology43(4), 565-578.
  8. Pronin, E., Kruger, J., Savtisky, K., & Ross, L. (2001). You don't know me, but I know you: The illusion of asymmetric insight. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology81(4), 639.
  9. Goddu, A. P., O’Conor, K. J., Lanzkron, S., Saheed, M. O., Saha, S., Peek, M. E., ... & Beach, M. C. (2018). Do words matter? Stigmatizing language and the transmission of bias in the medical record. Journal of general internal medicine33(5), 685-691. Retrieved from
  10. Drew, T., Võ, M. L. H., & Wolfe, J. M. (2013). The invisible gorilla strikes again: Sustained inattentional blindness in expert observers. Psychological science, 24(9), 1848-1853. Retrieved from
  11. Kubota, J. T., Peiso, J., Marcum, K., & Cloutier, J. (2017). Intergroup contact throughout the lifespan modulates implicit racial biases across perceivers’ racial group. PloS one, 12(7), e0180440. Retrieved from

Implicit Association Test (IAT) and Implicit Bias Resources

Viewpoints on the IAT

TWO AAMC Resources

Systematic reviews of studies related to the Implicit Association test

Everything You Know About Obesity is Wrong

CHANGES Study data

Additional research from the CHANGES Study