Skip to main content


Animals in Research: Searching Alternatives : Keywords

Reduction & Refinement

Below are some suggested terms you could use.

Adverse
Analgesic, hypnotic, sedative, tranquilizer
Anesthesia, anesthesia, anaesthesia
Anxiolytic
Assay, technique, method, procedure
Enrichment (behavioral, behavioural, environmental)
Euthanasia
Experimental design
Handling, housing, husbandry, caging
Invasive, non-invasive
Monitoring device
Positive reinforcement
Postoperative, postsurgery
Reduction, refinement
Restraint, restrict, immobilize
Train, educate, teach, instruct
Welfare, pain, stress, distress

Replacement

Below are some suggested terms you could use.

Algae, fungus, hydra, plant
Animal testing alternatives, alternative
Anxiolytic
Artificial
Artificial intelligence system, AI
Autopsy, biopsy
Bacteria, microorganism, protozoan, single-celled organism, yeast
Cadaver
Cell, cell line, cellular
Computer aided instruction, computer assisted instruction, CAI
Culture (cell, tissue, organ)
Digital imaging
Fish, cephalopod
Insect, invertebrate
Isolated (cell, tissue, organ)
Mannequin, manikin
Membrane, organ, organelle, slice, tissue, tissue equivalent
Model (animal, cadaveric, interactive, mathematical, statistical, theoretical), modelling, modeling
Physicochemical systems
Plastination
Prediction
Replacement, surrogate
Simulation (computer)
Software
Structure - activity relationship
System
Train, educate, teach, instruct
Video
Virtual (surgery, reality)
Vitro (AND method, model, technique)